Part 1: http://cipfg.org/eng/index.php?news=180
III. Analysis of Live Organ Bank in Shenyang City
1. Existence of live organ bank
A. Many Organ Transplants Occur with Short Waiting Time to Find Donors
Chosun Ilbo, a Korean newspaper, revealed in 2005 that foreign patients
amounted to 530f the 507 liver transplants performed in 2004 at the
Organ Transplant Division of the No. 1 Central Hospital in Tianjin
City, praised as "currently the world's largest organ transplant
center." The German radio station Deutsche Welle
broadcast on October 25, 2005 that about 2,600 liver transplants and
nearly 6,000 kidney transplants were completed in China in the year
There are approximately ten hospitals within Shenyang City that provide
organ transplant services. Published statistics from 2005 show that 250
kidney transplants and more than 70 liver transplants were carried out
in Shenyang City.
As of January 2006, more than 1,500 kidney transplants have been
performed at the General Hospital of the Shenyang Military Region. The
Urology Department of this hospital is the kidney transplant center for
the entire Shenyang Military Region.
PLA 463 Hospital, the air force hospital in Shenyang City, is among the
top hospitals in Shenyang City in terms of the number of kidney
As of 2005, Organ Transplant Section of the No. 1 Hospital Affiliated
with the China Medical University in Shenyang City had completed more
than 600 kidney transplants and 120 liver transplants.
Only in areas where organ supply is abundant is it possible to develop organ transplant surgeries to such an extent.
Investigators recently called the Shenyang Military Region Kidney
Transplant Center, PRA 463 Hospital (Air Force Hospital), and Chaoyang
Hospital in Beijing. They also called other hospitals. The doctors said
their kidney donors are all living prisoners. This is an open secret
throughout Mainland China hospitals. When asked if the death row
prisoners' organs were still in good condition, they said it was
absolutely guaranteed that all were healthy young donors' kidneys, that
the surgery success rate is higher than 90%, and that patients would be
quickly operated on with the wait for organ transplant being no longer
than one week.
The website for the China International Transplantation Network
Assistance Center (CITNAC) in Shenyang City advertised that the normal
wait for a kidney transplant is one week, and it would take at most one
month to find a suitable donor. For liver transplant candidates, it
would require two months at the most to find a suitable donor. This
center is established by the Organ Transplant Institute under the First
Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, also called the
Shenyang City Multi-Organ Transplant Center. Its website has versions
in Chinese, English, Japanese, Korean and Russian. The Chinese version
was removed after the exposure of the existence of the Sujiatun
CITNAC's Chinese Website posted surgery transplant charges:
Kidney transplant: US$ 62,000
Liver transplant: US$ 98,000 - 130,000
Heart transplant: US$ 130,000 - 160,000
A Chinese patient would normally be charged far less:
Kidney transplant: 50,000 - 80,000 yuan
Liver or heart transplant: 200,000 - 400,000 yuan (note: $1US is about
8 yuan)The hospital can thus increase its profit from ten to several
hundred thousand dollars more for each foreign patient compared to a
Chinese patient. These prices do not include the purchase of
customarily expected, expensive gifts for the surgeons and other staff
B. Are Organ Donors "Death Row" Prisoners?
If the donor organs indeed come from prisoners on death row, then their
organs could only be used in hospitals near the execution grounds.
According to statistics published by Amnesty International, about 2,000
prisoners are executed in China each year. Sometimes the highest
estimate might reach 10,000 each year. How many people were sentenced
to death and executed in the Shenyang area each year? Were all of them
willing to donate their organs? The hospitals in the Shenyang area have
always claimed that the organs they use for transplants come from young
people. Are all death row inmates young? Would the execution always
coincide with the short time frame within which the transplants must be
performed and coincide with the need for donor and recipient tissue
Medically speaking, the match rate between close relatives is about 50
0.000000or live kidney transplants. For kidney transplants, the tissue
match rate between a recipient and an unrelated donor is between 1% and
2%. Based on this knowledge and applying this number for Shenyang City
alone, even all of the local prisoners' organs that are usable through
tissue matching would not cover the number of transplant surgeries
carried out each year in Shenyang City. Wu Gang, an associate professor
at the Organ Transplant Division of the No. 1 Hospital Affiliated with
the China Medical University said, "Right now, the source of kidneys in
Shenyang City is absolutely guaranteed!"
Obviously, death row prisoners' organs are not enough to fulfill the
high demand for organs. According to the CITNAC website, a second organ
would be provided within a week if problems arose with the first organ.
This makes it virtually impossible that the second organ would come
from a death row prisoner.
Chinese courts customarily announce a list of names of death sentences
at once. It is very rare for two groups of prisoners to be executed
within one week. Prisoners cannot therefore be a reliable source of
emergency donor organs. Taking this into consideration, coupled with
the need for exact tissue matching of these emergency donor organs, we
can see that the live organ supply at the Shenyang City Multi-Organ
Transplant Center is in fact even larger than our estimates above. We
can thus only deduce one horrifying conclusion: a huge source of supply
of live organs--one that is independent of the one from executed
prisoners--exists in Shenyang City, particularly at transplant centers
like the CITNAC. The CITNAC has been selling those living Chinese
people's organs to the international community.
C. Organ Pool from Live Donors
In the USA, where organ donation is an accepted practice, due to
shortages, the average wait time for a kidney transplant is between
three to seven years. This is even so at New England's top medical
institutions. According to information provided by patient groups who
went to China to receive kidney transplants and through fact-gathering
by investigators from the World Organization to Investigate the
Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), the wait time, including tissue
type matching, is less than two months there. CITNAC also promises that
a matching liver, a single organ for a human being, can be found in one
month; two months at the longest. The time to find a matching kidney is
usually one week and does not exceed one month. An emergency
replacement kidney would be provided if a problem arose with the first
kidney during surgery. The second kidney would be provided within one
Due to difficulties with tissue type matching with an emergency kidney,
it is almost impossible for the second organ to have come from another
prisoner or an accident victim. The emergency kidney then could only
have been taken from a spare organ pool. Because kidneys must be
transplanted within 24 hours (48 hours in the USA), this organ pool has
to be made up of living people. Again, considering the requirements for
a tissue type match, it becomes evident that there is at least one huge
living organ pool in the Shenyang area. The only function for the staff
is to harvest these unfortunate people's organs as needed anytime.
2. Most Live Organs Come From Falun Gong Practitioners
A. Organ Supplies Increased Drastically after 1999
According to China's official statistics, only 78 liver transplants were carried out in the eight years between 1991 and 1998.
After the persecution against Falun Gong began in 1999, the number of
liver transplants increased drastically. In 1999, 2000 and 2001, liver
transplant surgeries went to 118, to 254 and then to 486. In 2001, the
number shot up to 996, tripling again in 2003, amounting to more than
3,000 surgeries. This growth shows an increase in nationwide donor
organs after 1999. We use liver transplants as an example because the
liver is an organ without which the donor cannot survive.
July 20, 1999 was the day when the CCP and Jiang's regime started
carrying out the comprehensive genocidal policy against Falun Gong.
This persecution has lasted nearly seven years.
B. Chinese Definition of "Death Row Prisoners"
After Jiang Zemin started persecuting Falun Gong, he decreed the policy
to "ruin their reputation, bankrupt them financially, and annihilate
them physically." According to his own words, all Falun Gong
practitioners who persist in their belief in
Truth-Compassion-Forbearance are death row prisoners. In 2000 Jiang
ordered, "Beating to death is nothing and shall be counted as suicide;
do not identify the person and cremate the body immediately" in
handling Falun Gong practitioners. Although not a single Falun Gong
practitioner has been sentenced to death in court, according to
statistics gathered by the Clearwisdom website, 2,852 death cases have
been confirmed, most as a result of torture. Some of the Falun Gong
practitioners who were tortured to death had their organs harvested
while they were still alive.
In the eyes of the CCP, Falun Gong practitioners are "class enemies,"
and physical annihilation is the way to handle "class enemies." "Class
enemy" is the definition of "death row prisoner" in the CCP's China.
The following are a few incidents of Falun Gong practitioners whose
organs were harvested from the Clearwisdom website:
On February 16, 2001, Falun Gong practitioner Mr. Ren Pengwu, 33 years
old, from Harbin City, was arrested for distributing flyers that
clarified the truth about the self-immolation on Tiananmen Square. He
was held at the No. 2 Detention Center in Hulan County. He died five
days later, early in the morning on February 21, 2001. Without consent
from Ren Pengwu's family, the police claimed to conduct an autopsy.
What they actually did was harvest all of Ren Pengwu's organs, from his
throat to his groin, before cremating his body.
Ms. Hao Runjuan from Guangzhou City died after being tortured for 22
days at the Baiyun Detention Center in Guangzhou City. Her body was
dissected without her family knowing about or consenting to it.
Beijing police detained 29-year-old Mr. Sun Ruijian from Ningde City,
Fujian Province in November 2000 when he went to Beijing to appeal. On
December 1, his family was told that Sun Ruijian had jumped out of a
car while being transported by police and died. His family asked to see
his body, but the police made up excuses and denied their request. When
Sun Ruijian's wife finally saw his body, his eyeballs were coming out
of their sockets and his chest and abdomen had been cut open.
Falun Gong practitioner Mr. Wang Bin
Falun Gong practitioner Mr. Wang Bin, 44 years old, worked as a
software engineer at the Computer Station of the Daqing Petroleum
Exploration and Development Research Institute in Heilongjiang
Province. Persecutor Feng Xi and other guards at the Daqing Men's Labor
Camp savagely beat him to death on September 24, 2000. After his death,
his organs were barbarically removed, and his body was placed in the
morgue at the Daqing People's Hospital. His heart and brain were
removed. The picture shows Wang Bin's body covered in wounds and
A man who was once held at the Baiyun District Drug Rehabilitation
Center in Guangzhou City saw several drug addicts beating a Falun Gong
practitioner. A doctor witnessed the beating and said, "Do not hit him
in the lower back. The kidneys are useful." He heard the doctors tell
the drug addicts several times that they should not hit Falun Gong
practitioners' abdomens or eyes.
These above incidents represent only a fraction of such deaths. If even
openly detained Falun Gong practitioners can have their organs removed,
what about practitioners held in secret? They have become the source
for most live organs. One conversation between investigators at the
WOIPFG and some Chinese hospital staff validate the point:
Case 1: (A hospital affiliated with a medical university in Hunan Province)
Doctor: We choose only young and healthy kidneys. We never accept kidneys from elderly people.
Investigator: Do you have kidneys from Falun Gong practitioners?
Doctor: You can be assured of it!
Case 2: (A hospital in Shandong Province)
Investigator: The completely healthy kidneys from people who practice Falun Gong...
Doctor: Oh...[We'll have] more organs of this type in April; anyway, this kind of organ is on the rise...
Investigator: Why will you get more organs in April?
Doctor: I can't tell you that, because that involves...it's not
that...it's not necessary to explain these things to you, there is no
way to explain...
Case 3: (A hospital in Guangzhou City)
Investigator: How long do I have to wait [for a kidney transplant]?
Doctor: We can do the surgery about one week after you arrive.
Investigator: But I want the kidney to be healthy, fresh and live, it's not from a cadaver, is it?
Doctor: Of course it's good!
Investigator: Is there any that's provided by Falun Gong practitioners...
Doctor: That's what we have here.
Case 4: (A medical university in Tianjin City)
Investigator: The doctor said the source of this kidney is good,
because he (the donor) practiced qigong. I asked what kind of qigong?
[he said] Falun Gong. So those people who practice Falun Gong have good
Response: Of course, we have a similar situation here...We also have
organs from [people who were still] breathing and whose hearts were
beating...Of course, the organ quality is a very important element,
which is to say the donor is young, and the time between when the blood
circulation is cut off and when the organ is removed is very short, or
even absent. In this situation, the blood circulation is not cut off,
which is definitely good for long-term recovery, that's for sure...
C. Where Are The Missing Falun Gong Practitioners?
In the nearly seven years after the CCP started persecuting Falun Gong,
Falun Gong practitioners have been continuously arrested and detained
without legal reason. The number of detained practitioners is well into
the hundreds of thousands. Many practitioners who went to Beijing to
peacefully appeal refused to tell their names and addresses in order to
resist the persecution. Furthermore, they did not want to implicate
their employers and local officials. They were detained in secret and
their whereabouts are unknown. It could well be they had their organs
harvested before they could tell their names. The CCP declared their
bodies "unidentified" at cremation.
Mr. Guo Guoting, a lawyer temporarily living outside of China, said he
personally took on Huang Xiong's case, which is similar to the
situation described above. Huang Xiong disappeared from his dormitory
at Shanghai Jiao Tong University and was not heard from for two or
three years. Mr. Guo Guoting and others searched many places but could
not find him.
Since it is said that 6,000 Falun Gong practitioners were once held at
Sujiatun, we speculate they probably experienced a similar fate as that
of Huang Xiong.
According to a report on the Clearwisdom website in early 2001, groups
of practitioners from all over China came to Beijing to call for an end
to the persecution against Falun Gong. Many were arrested. Those who
refused to tell their names and addresses at the Tiananmen Police
Department were savagely tortured and sent to various detention centers
in Beijing. After December 20, 2000 the number of practitioners sent to
detention centers daily suddenly increased to dozens or even over a
hundred. The guards said to the practitioners who refused to provide
them their information, "We'll send you to a place where you will
tell." In early 2001, groups of practitioners were sent away in big
buses in the early morning every other day. An 18-year-old girl from
Shandong Province shared the same cell with the author of this article,
who is also a Falun Gong practitioner. Her number was K28. One morning
her number was called by mistake. She got on the bus but later
returned. She said all of the practitioners were being taken to
Northeastern China. Later, the guards openly told us that they were
sending the practitioners to Northeastern China. According to
witnesses, as many as 60 buses went to Northeastern China on January 1
and January 2, 2001. Each bus carried more than 40 Falun Gong
practitioners. The illegally detained Falun Gong practitioners probably
became a live organ pool.
There are many reports of missing Falun Gong practitioners on the
Clearwisdom website. We only want to list a few examples here:
Mr. Zhang Wenliang, born in October 1945, was from Zunhua City, Hebei
Province. In early November 2000, he went to Beijing to clarify the
truth about Falun Gong but has not returned since.
Ms. Li Ruihuan, in her 60's, is from Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province.
Her address is 42-5-301, the Huaxing Neighborhood. On January 13, 2002,
she went to Beijing to appeal on behalf of Falun Gong. The police
arrested and savagely beat her and placed her in the Fengtai Detention
Center. Her whereabouts are unknown.
In light of the information and analysis above, we think the kidney
supply source for the Tiedong Hospital in Anshan City is highly
Certain Falun Gong practitioners have confirmed that a large group of
practitioners from unknown location(s) have been recently transferred
to the No. 1 Detention Center of Anshan City in Liaoning Province. The
practitioners' names and hometowns are unknown. We are worried that
they may become subjects for commercial products after having their
We hope all Falun Gong practitioners in Anshan City will take action to
thoroughly clarify the truth. Those whose situations permit can
investigate further and find out additional details about people who
made such arrangements and who participated in these crimes. We can
find out their names and phone numbers, including cell phone numbers,
home addresses, information about their parents, siblings, relatives
Several hospitals are already aware and wary of our investigation.
Fellow practitioners: please act with prudence and rationality,
righteous thoughts and righteous actions!
(To be continued)